VIENNA— Russia has informed the United States that it will boycott the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit, diplomats told The Associated Press on Tuesday, potentially stripping the meeting of one of its key participants and hurting efforts initiated by President Barack Obama to reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism.
Officials already had told the AP on Monday that Moscow was absent from last week’s initial summit planning session in Washington but had left unclear whether Russia planned to attend the summit itself.
On Tuesday, two diplomats said the boycott applied to the 2016 meeting as well. They cited as their source a diplomatic note from Moscow to the U.S. and other nations planning to participate. The diplomats spoke on condition of anonymity because they are not allowed to discuss confidential information.
One of the diplomats said the note expressed opposition to the summit because of its alleged political nature. He cited the note as saying that any meeting on nuclear security should be on a technical level and convened not by a nation but by the U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency.
Russia has participated in such summits in the past. But the diplomat, who is familiar with Moscow’s stance, said it already had reservations while attending the last meeting in March at The Hague. He did not specify but added that the “changed political atmosphere” — shorthand for Russia-U.S. tensions over Ukraine — added to the Kremlin’s decision to stay away.
In Moscow, Russian Foreign Ministry officials did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
At the last summit, 35 countries discussed turning international guidelines on nuclear security into national laws and opening their procedures for protecting nuclear installations to independent scrutiny. The summit also featured new reduction commitments, with Japan, Italy and Belgium agreeing to cut their stocks of highly enriched uranium and plutonium.
But Russian reluctance to go along with the U.S.-backed initiative already was apparent. Moscow refused to back such a 35-nation agreement, as did China, India and Pakistan. All four of those nations have nuclear weapons.
The summits were initiated by Obama in 2010 and are aimed at preventing terrorists from getting their hands on weapons-grade nuclear material. Since the first summit, the number of countries that have enough material to build a nuclear weapon has fallen from 39 to 25.
Outlining his vision in a keynote speech five years ago, Obama announced a new effort to secure sensitive nuclear material within four years and to cripple black-market trade.
Russia presence is important both as a world power and a nation with one of the world’s largest nuclear stockpiles. Its absence would clearly encourage other nations skeptical of the U.S. initiative to resist more international oversight of their nuclear facilities, while emboldening other nations contemplating staying away.
Such a move also would be the latest sign of strains in U.S.-Russian relations, caused by Washington’s criticism of Russian-backed separatists fighting in Ukraine and the imposition of U.S. economic sanctions against Russia.
Patrick Ventrell, a spokesman for the National Security Council at the White House, on Monday confirmed Russia’s absence from last week’s planning session and said “the door remains open to their joining future such meetings.” He declined further comment Tuesday, when asked to confirm or deny that Moscow planned to boycott the summit as well.
The officials who spoke Monday said that apart from Russia, all 54 countries that participated in the March summit attended the preparatory meeting in Washington.
Riechmann contributed from Washington.